Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km and it is the largest country in Latin America. From Rainforests to desertic regions, it comprises a variety of attractions for tourism and trade and it is stated as the seventh largest economy in the world, with approximately 190 million inhabitants. The presidentialism is the official political system and the country if ruled by president Dilma Rouseeff and the National Congress.
Natively inhabited by numerous tribal nations, Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese in the 1500′s and has become a Republic in 1889. Between 1890-1920, the country has experienced a massive imigrantion from Euroupe and Japan, what influenced the nation in many aspects. Known as a cultural mix, the country has, for instance, the largest community of Japanese in the world outside Japan and it is well-considered by the great hospitality of its population.
The language is one of the strongest elements of Brazil’s national unity. The official language of the country is Portuguese and it is spoken by 99% of the population.
Due to its large area and topographic variety, climatic conditions produce environments ranging from Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests in the north and semiarid deserts in the northeast, to temperate forests in the south and tropical savannas in the center of the country.
Brazilian cousine is highly influenced by European, African and Asian ones. Fresh fruits, juices and seafood are found easily everywhere and rice is the main sidedishe. Due to the mix of cultural influences, Pizzerias, Trattorias, Bistros, Chinese and Japanese restaurants are as easy to find as any local food. As its Latin Neighbour countries, churrasco, a kind of barbecue, is one of the countries speciallities. Feijoada, moqueca, tapioca, coconut water and guaraná (a typical soft drink) are must-tries when visiting the country.
Real (R$) is the official currency of the country. One Real is about 0.4 U$ dollars.
- School/Universitiy periods in Brazil are: 1st semester (February-June) and 2nd semester (August-December);
- The usual time for meals are: breakfast (7am-9am), lunch (12am-14pm) and dinner (7pm-10pm);
- Tips are usually charged in the bill. Ask if the 10% is already charged before tipping.